Values & Principles

Retributive & Restorative Justice Systems Compared


Crime violates laws set by government.

Crime violates relationships between people.

Focus on placing guilt. Focus on needs and responsibilities.
State is central to the process. Victim and offender are central to process.
Rules are key. Assumption of responsibility is key.
Victim plays minimal role. Victim’s participation vital.
Offender takes mostly passive role. Offender required to be active in the process.
Offender marginalised from the community. Offender marginalisation decreased.
Directed and lead by professionals. Community and voluntary involvement.
Focus on the past. Focus on the future.
Low percentage of restitution. High percentage of restitution.

Ten Commandments of Restorative Justice

When you do justice restoratively…..

1.      You will focus on the harms of crime rather than the rules that have been broken.

2.      You will be equally concerned about victims and offenders, involving both in the process of justice.

3.      You will work towards the restoration of victims, empowering them and responding to their needs as they see them.

4.      You will support offenders while encouraging them to understand, accept and carry out their obligations.

5.      You will recognise that while obligations may be difficult for offenders, they should not be intended as pain.

6.      You will provide opportunities for dialogue, direct or direct, between victim and offender as appropriate.

7.      You will find meaningful ways to involve the community and to respond to the community bases of crime.

8.      You will encourage collaboration and reintegration rather than coercion and isolation.

9.      You will be mindful of the unintended consequences of your actions and programs.

10.  You will show respect to all parties – victims, offenders, justice  colleagues.


Crime wounds – justice heals